Did You Know?
We use only specialty coffee at Matteo Coffea.
Coffee was first consumed as a food.
Until around 1870 most green coffee beans were cooked in a frying pan over a charcoal fire.
Coffee is not really a tree, but a bush from the Evergreen family of the genus Coffea.
There are basically 2 types used in commercial production; Coffea Arabica & Coffea Canephora (robusta).
Arabica coffee accounts for over 70% of the world's commercial production and only 10% is graded as specialty coffee.
Over 53 countries grow coffee worldwide, but all of them lie along the equator between the tropic of Cancer and the tropic of Capricorn.
Arabica coffee generally grows at 2000 to 6000 feet above sea level - Hawaiian Kona is an exception, grown near sea level, because of the unique climate conditions of the islands.
Most coffee trees begin to bear fruit after 4 to 5 years. A coffee tree can grow to heights over 20 feet (7 to 8 meters), but are usually pruned at between 6 to 10 feet (2 to 4 meters).
An acre of coffee plants can produce up to 10,000 pounds of coffee cherries. That amounts to approximately 2,000 pounds of beans after hulling or milling.
Arabica plants yield only 1 to 1.5 pounds of beans per tree per year. The bean is actually the seed of the cherry.
One pound of coffee is equivalent to 2500 cherries.
Healthy trees can produce coffee for 25-30 years.